Table of Contents
There are three main theoretical frames that will impact your knowledge of reading comprehension and analysis skills you need to know as a teacher:
- National Reading Panel Big Five
- Reading for Understanding
- Common Core State Standards
National Reading Panel Big Five
The NRP panel meant to summarize and lay down a scientific record of reading research. The influential report specified five factors that predict later reading success or had significant results in quantified research at improving reading results.
The report only used a small slice of available scientific research. A close reading of the footnotes and drafts reveal the authors noted important research around writing and motivation had to be left out.
The report suggested focusing on five key areas of reading
Reading for Understanding
This theoretical model published in 2002 by the Rand Reading Study Group created a heuristic for reading comprehension that placed understanding at the center of differences in the reader, the task, and the text. These three always occur in a larger historical context.
Differences in the Reader
decoding, background knowledge, vocabulary size, strategy use
Differences in the Task
purpose of reading, the processes used, consequences of reading
Differences in the Text
unfamiliar content, poorly organized, different genres
Foundations of Reading Study Tasks:
- Draw a Three Circle Venn Diagram and investigate the differences between the reader, the text and the activity
- Map out the Common Core State Objectives across key ideas and details, author's craft, and integrating ideas from multiple sources.